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Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks

CLEAVAGE THEORY MEETS EUROPE’S CRISES: LIPSET, ROKKAN, AND THE TRANSNATIONAL CLEAVAGE

This paper theorizes how the Eurocrisis and the migration crisis have reinforced a transnational cleavage that has at its core a cultural conflict pitting libertarian, universalistic values against the defense of nationalism and particularism.
Radical right and green parties take polar positions on Europe and immigration, place more salience on them, and exhibit greater internal unity than mainstream parties. The perforation of national states by immigration, integration, and trade may signify a critical juncture in the political development of Europe no less consequential for parties and party systems than the previous junctures that Lipset and Rokkan (1967) detect in their classic article.

Erik de Vries, Martijn Schoonvelde, and Gijs Schumacher

LOST IN TRANSLATION?
EVALUATING THE USEFULNESS OF MACHINE TRANSLATION FOR BAG-OF-WORDS TEXT MODELS

Automated text analysis allows researchers to analyze large quantities of text. Yet researchers interested in comparative questions are presented with a big challenge: across countries people speak di erent languages. To address this issue, some analysts have suggested to use Google Translate to convert all texts to English before starting the analysis (Lucas et al., 2015). But in doing so, do we get lost in translation? This paper evaluates the usefulness of machine translation for automated bag-of-words models – such as topic models – using the europarl dataset (which contains the transcriptions of professional translators of debates in the European Parliament in English and in the original language) to compare the output of a topic model of hand-translated data with a topic model of machine-translated data….

Anna Brosius, Bert Bakker, Martijn Schoonvelde and Gijs Shumacher

EVALUATING COMPLEXITY IN POLITICAL SPEECH

With the election of straight-talking Donald Trump into the most powerful office of the world, political scientists have turned their attention to (the absence of) complexity in political speeches. A popular explanation for variation in complexity of political language regards personality differences….

Daniela Braun and Sebastian A. Popa

WHO TALKS ABOUT THE SPITZENKANDIDATEN SYSTEM

The Lisbon Treaty (2009) introduced key institutional changes to increase the relevance of elections to the European Parliament (EP). Among others, major political groups nominated different lead candidates, the so-called Spitzenkandidaten, for the 2014 EP elections. The aim of this paper is to investigate how national political parties—as main actors in EP elections—react to this new institutional setting…

Kenneth Benoit and Akitaka Matzuo

NETWORK ANALYSIS OF BREXIT DISCUSSION ON SOCIAL MEDIA

We analyze the engagement of citizens, media and politicians on social media during the campaign period of Brexit referendum in the UK in June 2016. We focus on the social media conversation on Twitter

Davide Angelucci, Linda Basile, Nicolò Conti, Pierangelo Isernia, Francesco Marangoni Francesco Olmastroni, Adriàn Pignataro, and Luca Verzichelli

WHITHER EUROPE? FOSTERING COOPERATION AND INCREASING BURDEN SHARING IN TIMES OF CRISIS

INSIGHTS FROM THE EUENGAGE PANEL SURVEY

This paper investigates citizens’ attitudes towards the future of European governance in the fields of economy, immigration and security, within the context of the recent crises that have hit the continent in the past years, by examining the responses of public opinion to the EUENGAGE panel survey carried out in 2016 and 2017….

Linda Basile, Pierangelo Isernia, Francesco Olmastroni, and Olivier Parnet

MIND THE GAP: EFFECTS OF THE ONLINE DELIBERATION ON CITIZENS’ PARTICIPATION AND THE PUBLIC-ELITE DIVIDE

These are difficult times for the European Union. The refugee and the financial crises, the security threats coming from neighbour countries, as well as Brexit, are putting both European values and the political system under strain. The EUENGAGE project sought to address some of these hurdles by offering ….

Daniela Braun, Sebastian A. Popa, Constantin Schäfer, and Hermann Schmitt

A TALE OF TWO REALIGNMENTS?

THE CHANGING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN IDEOLOGICAL DIMENSIONS AND PARTY POSITIONS TOWARDS EUROPEAN INTEGRATION

What determines the positions of political parties towards the European integration and the European Union? Empirical research has depicted those positions to be strongly influences by the two main conflict dimensions of party competition in Europe: …

Marina Popescu, Gabor Toka, Adina MarinceaMartijn SchoonveldeTania ChilinRaluca Toma and Erik de Vries

MEDIA TONE, CITIZENS, AND ELITE OPINION REGARDING EUROPE

In this paper, through original data collected within the EUENGAGE project, we examine news media coverage of the EU. We track and attempt to explain the variance in amount and tone of media coverage of the EU for several issue domains, in relation to media level characteristics, and to public and elite opinion. This is done for 30 media outlets across 10 European member states and employing a dataset of 121,169 online news articles, spanning the 10 months between 1 January 2016 and 31 October 2016.

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